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Soft Skills

Skill Development based on Modular Employable Skills (MES)

The need for giving emphasis on the soft Skill Development, especially for the educated unemployed youth (both for rural & urban) has been highlighted in various forums. Unfortunately, our country’s current education system does not give any emphasis on development of soft skills. As a result, most of the educated unemployed youths are found wanting in this area, which is becoming their Achilles heel.

As India is on the path of economic development and the share of service sector’s contribution to the GDP of the country is increasing (53% of GDP) it is becoming imperative that Government of India along with other nodal agencies play an important role in providing employable skills, with special emphasis on Soft Skills.

Hence, need of the hour is some policy change at Apex level which will address the needs of the changing economy and look at providing mandatory soft skills training to all educated unemployed youths, with a view to have them gainfully employed. This shift in policy will ultimately benefit all the stake holders, namely the individuals, industry, Government and the economy by way of providing employment, increasing the output/productivity and ultimately resulting in a higher DDP for the nation.

Frame work for skill development based on ‘Modular Employable Skills (MES)

Very few opportunities for skill development are available for the above referred groups (educated unemployed youth). Most of the existing skill development programmes are long term in nature. Poor and less educated persons cannot afford long term training programmes due to higher entry qualifications, opportunity cost, etc. Therefore, a new framework for soft skill development has been evolved by the DGET to address the employability issues.

The key features of new framework for skill development are:

  • Demand driven short term training courses based on modular employable skills decided in consultation with Industries.
  • Flexible delivery mechanism (part time, week ends, full time).
  • Different levels of progranmmes (foundation level as well as skill upgradation) to meet demands of various target groups.
  • Central Government will facilitate and promote training while vocational training (VT) providers under the Govt. and Private Sector will provide training.
  • Optimum utilization of existing infrastructure to make training cost effective.
  • Testing of skills of trainees by independent assessing bodies who would not be involved in conduct of the training programme, to ensure that it is done impartially.
  • Testing & certification of prior learning (skills of persons acquired informally).

Concept for the Modular Employable Skills (MES)

The Short Term courses would be based on “Modular Employable Skills (MES)”.

  • Identification of minimum skills set. Which is sufficient to get an employment in the Labour market.
  • It allows skills upgradation, multiskilling, multi entry and exit, vertical mobility and life long learning opportunities in a flexible manner.
  • It also allows recognition of prior learning (certification of skills acquired informally) effectively.
  • The modules in a sector when grouped together could lead to a qualification equivalent to National Trade Certificate or higher.
  • Courses could be available from level 1 to level 3 in different vocations depending upon the need of the employer organisations.

MES would benefit different target groups like:

  • Workers seeking certification of their skills acquired informally
  • Workers seeking skill upgradation
  • Early school drop-outs and unemployed
  • Previously child Labour and their family

Course Syllabus for Soft Skills:

  • Vocabulary
  • Listening
  • Pronunciation
  • Speaking
  • Language
  • Communication


  • Work book
  • Audio Visual Aids
  • Group talk
  • Class room lessons
  • Role play
  • Educational games

Eligibility / Course Duration - Soft Skills

Course: Spoken English and Communication Skill

Eligibility: Minimum SSC or 10th Equivalent required | Age - 15 to 45 Years

Duration of the Programmes: 180 hours

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Chhattisgarh- 493 996, India.

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